New: emonBase with RFM69 SPI (Direct)
The latest emonBase comes with a new direct SPI RFM69 adapter board. Previously we had an ATmega328 microcontroller as an intermediary between the RFM69 module and the RaspberryPi, this was required for the JeeLib Classic radio format. With the switch to using the LowPowerLabs radio format a direct SPI connection is now possible and provides other benefits in terms of radio module configurability. For more detail on the different radio formats see emonTx4: rfm69-radio.
If the RFM69 SPI module is bought as part of an emonBase through our shop, the module will already be installed on the Raspberry Pi. The Raspberry Pi will also come installed in a nice wall mountable aluminium enclosure. See shop item images: https://shop.openenergymonitor.com/emonbase-433mhz-rfm69spi.
Mounting the RFM69 SPI module
Important: The position of the RFM69 SPI module on the Raspberry Pi header pins is different to the original RFM69Pi board. The SPI pins are part way along the Raspberry Pi GPIO header. The board should be mounted so that there are 7 pins free between the board and the Ethernet socket to the left and 8 pins free to the right, as shown in the picture above. Take special care to get the position right as the board could be damaged in the wrong position.
Radio packets received by the RFM69 SPI board are read using what is called an
Interfacer in a piece of software called
emonHub that runs on the RaspberryPi. The interfacer is called
EmonHubRFM69LPLInterfacer and makes use of our modifed version of the jgillula/rpi-rfm69 library.
This library is installed as standard on the latest emonSD image (
emonSD-10Nov22 onwards), it will also install automatically if an older emonSD image is upgraded by running ‘Full Update’ in Admin>Update.
If you are adding an RFM69 SPI board to an existing install you will need to add the following interfacer configuration entry in the interfacers section of emonhub.conf to enable reading from this board:
[interfacers] [[SPI]] Type = EmonHubRFM69LPLInterfacer [[[init_settings]]] nodeid = 5 networkID = 210 [[[runtimesettings]]] pubchannels = ToEmonCMS,
This configuration is included by default on the latest emonSD image (
The SPI interface on on the RaspberryPi must be enabled to use the RFM69 SPI, this is enabled by default on the latest emonSD image (
emonSD-10Nov22 onwards) and will be automatically enabled to older images by running ‘Full Update’ in Admin>Update. To manually enable SPI connect via SSH and run
sudo raspi-config and select
Interface Options. Or alterantivly uncomment
Radio encryption key
The encryption key for the RFM69 is currently hard coded in the EmonHubRFM69LPLInterfacer. This will be broken out as an emonhub.conf configuration option soon. If you would like to change the encryption key to make it secure, this can be done by modifying the
encryptionKey setting on line 51 of the EmonHubRFM69LPLInterfacer itself: https://github.com/openenergymonitor/emonhub/blob/master/src/interfacers/EmonHubRFM69LPLInterfacer.py#L51.
The RFM69 SPI Board is open hardware. The Eagle schematic and board files are available here: https://github.com/openenergymonitor/emonbase/tree/main/rfm69-spi